Inherently natural as it occurs in citric fruits, produced by fermentation of carbohydrates//Acidulant (useful to adjust pH of products to make them more acid / less alkaline)//
Chelating effect (neutralizes minerals to enhance activity of antioxidants & preservatives)//
Buffering effect (helps to maintain pH between 2.5-6.5 & stabilizes active ingredients)//
At high concentration shows typical AHA properties (moisturizing, peeling, smoothing, anti-wrinkle effects).//For safe use do not use at >10% or at pH <3.5. Can be added to formulas as is. External use only.